Referring to your sources using APA style

APA Style referencing. Every student has to use it numerous times during their study as you are required to do so by academic conventions and copyright law. Everyone knows what it is, at least to some extent; but often it is some time ago that you used it and the exact way of using it correctly has faded away. This article, based on the APA Referencing Guide by University of Soutern Queensland, helps you with the basics of APA Style referencing. For all information, go directly to the USQ-website. 

APA Style referencing

How to reference correctly to your source depends on the type of source you are referring to. The format is used differs for books, journals, websites, unpublished works, etc. Below the correct citation forms for multiple sources will be discussed.

  • Books (print and online)
    Subtitles must be included and all titles must be italicised. Information about editions, series, volume numbers or chapter page ranges should be included in the parantheses () before the full stop. If available a for an online source the Digital Object Identifier (doi) should be included. It is a unique name that provides a persistent link to its location on the internet.

    General forms:

    Author, A. A. (year). Title of work. Doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
    (Online book with a doi) 

    Author, A. A. (year). Title of work. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxxxxxxx
    (Online book without a doi)

    Author, A. A. (year). Title of work. Location: Publisher.
    (Offline book) 

  • Journal and newspaper articles
    The issue number of the journal must be included if the journal is paginated by the issue rather than if there a continuous pagination throughout the entire volume. When a Digital Object Identifier is available this is included. When available, no further retrieval information is needed to locate the content.

    General forms:

    Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Article title. Journal Title, volume number(issue number), page numbers. doi:xx.xxxxxxxxxxxxx
    (Online article or journal with a doi)

    Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Article title. Journal Title, volume number(issue number), page numbers. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxxxx
    (Online article or journal without a doi)

    Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Article title. Journal Title, volume number(issue number), page numbers.
    (Offline article or journal) 

If you want to know everything about APA style referencing, about how to reference to different source types or how to include references in your text correctly go to this website.